In art textiles of later time (the XII century) known changes are observed: inscriptions instead of angular kuf are executed by a roundish, drawing becomes more schematical, favourite is a gold background. At this time wide decorative strips where between narrow with the stylized alphabetic ornament oval or diamond-shaped medallions in which images and birds alternate are located are very widespread. In a coloring of these fabrics soft yellow and gold color of a pattern on a karminno-red background dominates. Strips with inscriptions are quite often divided by thin light blue lines. Ornamental strips, wider, than in products of the period, settle down closely to each other, leaving a little free background.
Big figurative force got also art of the Arab East. However as literature used mainly a conditional form for an embodiment of the images, and in the fine arts the vital contents spoke special language of decorative art.
For fabrics of the end of the VIII—IX centuries it is characteristic, the strict pattern consisting usually of rather narrow strips filled with kufichesky inscriptions a blagopozhelaniye and the name of a ruling, or a simple geometrical ornament is frequent. Thus the most part of a background of fabric remained free.
The applied art of Egypt long since differed in high art perfection and types. Richly linen and silk fabrics, products from rock crystal, glass and metal were especially emitted.
Art weaving has ancient traditions in Egypt. The main centers of medieval production — Alexandria, Damietta, Tinnis — were well-known for the products in and Byzantine time. Art traditions of Coptic III—IV fabrics of centuries continue to live with some changes in the Egyptian textiles up to the end of fatimidsky time. It and not : magnificent fabrics in masterful Caliphs were still developed in large part by hands of Coptic master.
Innovation of the Arab medieval literature and at the same time its vital basis the to an inner world of the person characterizes, creation of the ideals which had universal the.
The illustration of manuscripts, secular on the contents, was the main type of painting which gained development in the Middle East during a Middle Ages era. The Arab masters widely used this, having created along with rich ornamental jewelry of manuscripts excellent series of the miniatures giving the poetic and figurative story about destinies of heroes of the literary work.
Archivolts of big and small arches, capitals of columns and eaves are decorated with a vegetable pattern, carved on knock. Spotlights of big arches have more complex ornamental compositions Decorative details, decorating and harmoniously allocating the main planes and lines of construction, with the emphasize tectonics of the whole. Such, the pattern and architectural elements of which there is a shape of construction, are got by a uniform rhythm. It is interesting to note that the lancet profile of big and small arches of a mosque as if repeats in the pointed bends of a stalk, a basis of the continuous ornament going on an of arches and on poles.
The Arab architects, authors of many masterpieces of art, paid much attention to opportunities of architecture. Therefore one of characteristic features of synthesis of arts in monumental architecture is the important role of decorative forms and special value of an ornament which that lace, with a colourful carpet covers walls and the arches of buildings.
The earliest of the monuments of civil architecture of medieval Egypt which reached our time — Nilometr constructed on Rod's island near Fustat treats the middle of the IX century. The construction represents a deep well with a high column in the middle on which water level was measured in Nile. Walls of a well are laid out by a stone, decorated with decorative niches and friezes with kufichesky inscriptions.
At the same time the creative power of the people entering the Arab caliphate awakened by liberating and fight led to high raising of medieval culture of the Middle East; its blossoming proceeded and when caliphate as a whole actually did not exist any more.